A marvel of ceramic engineering by the great Pythagoras of Samos.
When the cup is filled beyond a certain point, an effect causes the drain of its entire content. A lesson about greed?
How the Pythagorean Cup looks like and works
A Pythagorean cup looks like a normal drinking cup, except that the bowl has a central column in it. The central column of the bowl is positioned directly over the stem of the cup and over a hole at the bottom of the stem.
A small open pipe runs from this hole almost to the top of the central column, where there is an open chamber. The chamber is connected by a second pipe to the bottom of the central column.
As long as the level of the liquid does not rise beyond chamber’s level, the cup functions as normal. If the level rises further, the liquid spills through the chamber into the first pipe and out of the bottom.
If you aren’t greedy taking more wine than you should, the liquid will never make it through the entire system. But if you are, watch out!
Pythagoras was the man who brought the world the Pythagorean theorem, which explains the fundamental relation in Euclidean geometry among the three sides of a right triangle. He may also devided the doctrine of musica universalis. Which holds that planets move according to mathematical equations and thus resonate to produce an inaudible symphony of music.